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Addiction is a term of long-standing and variable usage, it is not a diagnostic term in ICD 10, but is still widely employed by professionals and the general public. Both terms, addiction and habituation, a less severe form of psychological adaptation in the 60th were abandoned in favour of dependence (WHO, 1964).

"Repeated use of a psychoactive substance or substances, to the extent that the user( referred to as an addict) is periodically or chronically intoxicated, shows a compulsion to take the preferred substance (or substances), has great difficulty in voluntary ceasing or modifying substance use, and exhibits determination to obtain psychoactive substances by almost any means. Typically, tolerance is prominent and a withdrawal syndrome frequently occurs when substance use is interrupted."

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Last modification (M-D-Y): 02/08/2019 - IMPRINT - FAQ