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Latin: hemp. According WHO, Cannabis is "a generic term used to denote the several psychoactive preparations of the hemp plant, Cannabis sativa. They include marihuana leaf (in street jargon; grass, pot, dope, weed, or reefers), bhang, ganja or hashish (derived from the resin of the flowering heads of the plant), and hashish oil". Cannabis is assigned to the plant familily Cannabaceae which along covers only the hop. Three sorts of Cannabis are differentiated:

  • Cannabis sativa, an one year's plant, which can grow up to a heath of 6 meters, with pronounced fiber formation and only small resin isolation, i.e. not suitably to the production of hashish, only the female flowers are suitable to the production of marijuana.
  • Cannabis indica, lower stature, less for fiber production , more suitable for the production of hashish
  • Cannabis ruderalis, low stature, few, oily sheets, exclusivly occus in the former Soviet Union.

Hanfprodukte. Foto: P. Klostermann From the seeds hemp oil is produced, which can be processed to food such as food oil or margarine. In addition preservative agents can be made such as shampoos and soaps as well as fuels of hemp oil.

The long fibers could be converted to textiles such as clothes as well as ropes, bags or carpets. From the short fibers hemp paper was already manufactured; thus the Bible was printed on hemp paper and cash notes consist proportionally of hemp.

A further produkt is the viscous oil Cannabinol, which contains a whole group of Cannabinoids, under it alone 80 decendents of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

In many countries the legislative issued import regulation.


wild hemp in Altai Already 2737 ante Chr. hemp was first written mentioned by the Chinese emperor Shen-Nung as cures against "malaria, Beri Beri, rheumatism, absentmindedness and woman suffering". Later over the cultivation of hemp and Cannabis consumption was spreaded by the Arier, Scythes and Mogols toIndia and the Mediterrean area. In 1929 hemp was prohibited by the Opium conference.

Physiological and Psychological Effects

Cannabis produces a feeling of euphoria, lightness of the limbs, and often social withdrawal, see also amotivational syndrome. It impairs driving and the performance of other complex, skilled activities; it impairs immediate recall, attention span, reaction time, learning ability, motor coordination, time sense (time slowed down), and signal detection. More severe signs of cannabis intoxication may include excessive anxiety, suspiciousness or paranoid ideas, impaired judgement, dry mouth, and tachycardia.


Controverse discussions exist in the legalization debate and over the dangers of the Cannabis consumption, e.g. hashish as entrance drug, hashish psychoses after longtime usage, Flashbacks in the traffic, in addition, over demands for legalization or decriminalization or releasing Cannabis to the medical use (pain-, cancer or AIDS-therapy).

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Last modification (M-D-Y): 02/08/2019 - IMPRINT - FAQ