Salvia divinorum also Aztec sage, Scene term (in the USA): "magic mint".
Magenta flowering sage kind from Mexico which was used over centuries by Aztec shamans with true legend rituals. Because of the strong hallucinogenic effect Salvia is consumed lately strengthened in the drug scene in the USA and the Netherlands, with rising tendency in Europe. The sheets of the herb (gram price approx. 1-2 €, excerpts up to 40 €) are smoked or chewed.
The desired psychological effect exists particularly in the dissolution of the time dimension and is described as "trips" by time and space. Dangers exists particularly with high dosage in a strong distortion of consciousness and experience and the condition up to panic reactions. For inexperienced consumers therefore a not drugged companion ("Sitter") is recommended. The drug is considered still as legal, since it is not called in the plants to the Drug Legislation.
As chemical active substances the diterpene Salvinorin A (C23H28O8, M 432,46 g/mol, see formula above) and Salvinorin B (synonyme: Divinorin) were isolated. In 2001, Salvinorin C was additionally characterized. Physiologically effective is only Salvinorine A, which represents an extremely potent nitrogen-free κ-opioid agonist. The admission takes place via absorption by means of the mouth mucous membrane when chewing the fresh sheets, while in the digestive tract rapidly deactivation takes place. Alternatively the admission can take place by means of the nose mucous membrane into the bloodstream via inhalation from Salvinorine steams by heating up. Salvinorin does not have - contrary to the classical hallucinogens - any influence on the serotonine receptor.