2,2,2 Trichloro-1,1-ethandiole, C2H3Cl3O2, M 165,42 g/mol
Mp. 57 oC, Bp. 98 oC under decomposition to Chloral and water
hypnotic, somnifacient. Daily uptake 0.5-2 g
Brand name: Chloraldurat®
Chloral hydrate is the oldest synthetic hypnotic drug, discovered in 1832 by Liebig. Because of its adverse effects (nausea, vomiting) it is today nearly insignificant. In the case of overdosing death by heart stop or central breath paralysis.