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(Greek: hypnos = sleep). A term for natural or synthetic drugs inducing sleep, mostly oral taken, but also by inhalation or injection. The oldest hypnotics include Chloralhydrate, Carbromal and, in particular, barbitones (eg Veronal). These compounds are no longer used as medicines (exception: phenobarbital), and has been replaced by the benzodiazepines and pyrazolopyrimidines (eg Zopiclone).

The hypnotics adopt a middle position between the sedatives (sedative agents) and the narcotics with fluently transitions.

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Last modification (M-D-Y): 02/08/2019 - IMPRINT - FAQ